second Rugby World Cup - United Kingdom, Ireland and
The first ever Women’s Rugby World Cup (unofficial)
was held in Cardiff, Great Britain in 1991. Twelve
countries participated in the Tournament, held over
a week. France, New Zealand, USA and England emerged
as the semi-finalists, with USA Eagles beating
England 19 - 6 in the final at Cardiff Arms Park
Second unofficial WRWC hosted by Scotland, England
beat USA 38-23, at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh.
The Rugby Football Union for Women (RFUW) was formed
in England with each of the Home Nations governing
their own countries.
third Rugby World Cup - South Africa.
Until this point the IRB (International Rugby Board,
the governing body of rugby union) had been
dominated by worthy English gentlemen who adhered
implacably to their cherished amateur principles.
But as the demands on top players grew, increased
media attention, amount of training required etc.
increased pressure on the IRB. The Southern
Hemisphere unions in particular, pressurized the IRB
to allow player payments.
Along with this was an ever-increasing degree of
sham-amateurism. While straight payments may not
have been openly accepted, it was obvious that top
players in some countries received various benefits
and perks from playing the game e.g. through player
trust funds, through direct under-the-table cash
payments or other roundabout methods.
The IRB finally capitulated to the inevitable and in
August 1995 rugby union became fully professional.
Philippe Sella (France) plays his last international
against England. He was the first rugby player to
reach 100 international caps and held the record for
the most international caps until overtaken by Jason
Leonard in 2003. Career Record: P111, W72, D5, L34.
Test Points: 125. Tries: 30
David Campese (Australia) plays his last
international against Wales and was the second
player to reach 100 international caps. Career
Record: P101, W67, D2, L32. Tries: 64.
last surviving member of the USA 1924 gold medal
winning team Norman Cleaveland passes away aged 96.
Mr. Cleaveland was a lifetime member of the Santa Fe
Rugby Football Club. One of his desires at the end
of his life was to see rugby back in the Olympics.
The Cook Cup established when Australia and England
contracted to play each other bi-annually for 10
years, on a home and away basis.
The Allied Dunbar Premiership was started for the
12 clubs. Sin bins introduced 1 November 1997
denoted by a white triangle.
Relegation and Promotion: No automatic Relegation.
Top two clubs from Premiership Two were
automatically promoted. Playoffs see bottom two in
Premiership One take on 3rd and 4th in Premiership
Two over two legs, making a 14-team Premiership for
Promoted: Bedford, West Hartlepool, and London
Play-offs: London Irish retain their Premiership One
status, Bristol relegated,
Champions: Newcastle Falcons.
first official Women's Rugby World Cup, in
Amsterdam, Netherlands was won by New Zealand who
beat USA 46 - 12. Teams taking part were: Australia
, Canada , England , France , Germany , Ireland ,
Italia , Kazakhstan , Netherlands , New Zealand ,
Russian Federation , Scotland , Spain , Sweden , USA
The Hopetoun Cup was established as a perpetual
trophy between Australia and Scotland.
Forth Rugby World Cup - Wales.
The form of rugby officially designated as Rugby
Union is now played in more than 100 countries
around the world including Australia, New Zealand,
Japan, England, Scotland, Wales, France, Italy,
Fiji, and South Africa. The sport's international
governing body is the International Rugby Football
Board (IRFB). In the United States there are more
than 1400 rugby clubs and more than 100,000 players,
governed by USA Rugby.
The Lansdowne Cup was established as a perpetual
trophy between Australia and Ireland.