Canadian RFU is founded.
28 February - England become the first winners of
the Calcutta Cup when they defeat Scotland by 2
goals & 3 tries to 1 goal.
Three three-quarters first used in an international
game by Scotland against Ireland.
The RFU agree travelling expenses for international
19 February 1881 the first International is
played by Wales against England at Richardson's
Field, Blackheath. England wins by 7 goals, 1
dropped goal and 6 tries to nil.
Independent referees introduced for international
The Welsh Rugby Union is formed at the Castle Hotel,
Neath on March 12th 1881.
The first overseas tour takes place when New
South Wales visit New Zealand and the boat journey
takes 5 days. Even though the tourists expect to win
all of their seven games, they underestimate the
strength of the New Zealanders and only win four.
The first sevens tournament is held at Melrose
Football Club, Scotland.
Rugby is first played in Fiji by European and
Fijian soldiers of the Native Constabulary on Viti
First New Zealand tour, to New South Wales
(Australia). The tourists do not play any tests, but
win all of their matches.
The referee is given a whistle and umpires are
The foundation of the International Rugby Board
by Scotland, Wales and Ireland. England declines to
join since they believe they should have greater
representation on the board for having a greater
number of clubs. They also refuse to accept that the
IRFB should be the recognised law maker of the game.
The IRFB agrees that the member countries will not
play England until the RFU agrees to join.
Rugby Union adopted scoring by points which was a
system which had been existence at Cheltenham
College for many years. Goal = 3 points and Try = 1
British team tours Australia and New Zealand
which is the first major tour abroad.
A fourth three-quarter was introduced and adopted by
the Welsh Union.
New Zealand Native team tours Great Britain,
Australia and New Zealand. On the longest tour ever,
they play 107 matches, winning 78, drawing 6 and
losing 23. The tour lasts for over a year.
South African Rugby Football Board formed.
British Columbia Rugby Union formed.